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Care Instructions

SymbolWhat care symbol and instruction means
95°C boil wash. Articles e.g. in cotton or linen, white, suitable for boiling, dyed or printed. Fill the drum completely. Set an appropriate washing program (normal washing cycle). Pretreat stubborn stains.
60°C coloured wash. Coloured articles which must not be washed at boiling temperature e.g. made of cotton, modal, polyester and mixed fabrics.
30°C fine wash. Washing cycle, e.g. for dark coloured articles in cotton, polyester, mixed fabrics etc. Select an appropriate washing program.
30°C mild fine wash. For articles, e.g. in modal, viscose, polyacryl, polyester and polyamide. Reduce the quantity of laundry. Select an appropriate washing program. Avoid spinning or do spin for short periods only to minimise the risk of creasing.
30°C very mild fine wash. Articles made, e.g. of machine-washable wool. This washing cycle ensures a much reduced mechanical treatment. Select an appropriate washing program. Reduce the quantity of laundry substantially.
Hand wash. Hand wash at a water temperature between 30° C and a maximum of 40° C, depending on the particular article. First dissolve a fine detergent in plenty of water. Allow the textiles to float in the solution and agitate carefully. Do not rub, pull and wring out. Then rinse the textiles well, press the superfluous water out carefully and pull into shape. Treat coloured and sensitive pieces rapidly and do not leave lying in the wet state.
Do not wash. Articles marked in this way must not be washed. They may be sensitive to any kind of wet treatment or be unsuitable for washing in a domestic washing machine because of their size.
Iron at low temperature. Iron at maximum sole plate temperature of 110 °C. Corresponding to the “Polyacryl, polyamide (nylon), acetate” setting: if necessary, shiny or pressure-sensitive pieces should be ironed with a press cloth or inside out. Caution when using steam irons (as a rule, work without steam).
Iron at moderate temperature. Iron at maximum sole plate temperature of 150 °C. Corresponding to the “wool/silk/polyester/viscose” setting: iron under a moderately moist intermediate cloth. A steam iron can be used. Avoid heavy pressure.
Hot Iron. Iron at maximum sole plate temperature of 200 °C. Corresponding to the “Cotton/linen” setting; iron whilst damp; treat and if necessary moisten; shiny or pressure-sensitive pieces should be ironed with press cloth or ironed inside out. A steam iron may be used.
Do not iron. Irreversible changes must be expected if an iron is used.
Natural drying. The symbol containing horizontal or vertical line ( s ) in the square indicate the natural drying process, line drying, drip line drying, flat drying, drip flat drying. The oblique line symbolizes the respective natural drying process to be carried out in the shade.
Line drying. e.g. all colourfast textiles
Drip line drying. e.g. colourfast, large textiles to dry them without wrinkles.
Flat drying. e.g. heavy, colourfast textiles
Drip flat drying. e.g. colourfast but delicate textiles
Line drying in the shade. e.g. textiles which are not colourfast (silk)
Drip line drying in the shade. e.g. delicate textiles like silk
Flat drying in the shade. e.g. woolen or delicate textiles
Drip flat drying in the shade. e.g. woolen jackets
Mild drying processes. Caution is appropriate when tumble drying. Select mild process with reduced thermal action (temperature, duration of treatment).
Tumble dry on medium temperature setting. This item can withstand some heat.
Do not tumble dry. Articles unsuitable for tumble drying.
Wet-cleaning. The symbol for wet cleaning is used for articles which may be treated in water by a professional wet-cleaning process. The requirements placed on the professional equipment, the aids used and the finishing methods cannot be achieved in household washing machines. The following symbols appear (if they are used) immediately below the dry cleaning symbol.
Professional dry-cleaning in: perchloroethylene, hydrocarbons (heavy benzines). Normal cleaning process with no restrictions. Commercial stain removers on a solvent base may be used with some restrictions. A trial on a concealed part of the article is advisable beforehand.
Professional dry-cleaning in: perchloroethylene, hydrocarbons (heavy benzines). Mild cleaning process with stringent limitation of added humidity and/or mechanical action and/or temperature. Commercial stain removers on a solvent base may be used with some restrictions. A trial on a concealed part of the article is advisable beforehand.
Professional dry-cleaning in: hydrocarbons (heavy benzines). Normal cleaning process with no limitations. Commercial stain removers on a solvent base may not be used.
Professional dry-cleaning in: hydrocarbons (heavy benzines). Mild cleaning process with stringent limitation of added humidity and/or mechanical action and/or temperature. Commercial stain removers on a solvent base may not be used.
Professional wet-cleaning. Normal wet cleaning methods with no restrictions.
Mild professional wet-cleaning. Wet cleaning technique for sensitive textiles with reduced mechanical action.
Very mild professional wet-cleaning. Wet cleaning techniques for very sensitive textiles with much reduced mechanical action.
Do not dry-clean. No professional dry-cleaning allowed. Do not use stain removers which contain solvents.
Any bleach allowed. The empty triangle is the symbol for chlorine and oxygen bleach.
Only oxygen bleach allowed. The triangle with two oblique lines indicates that oxygen bleach (contained in universal detergents) is permitted but not chlorine bleach.
Do not bleach. The triangle with a diagonal cross (St. Andrews Cross) indicates that bleaching is not allowed. Use only bleach-free detergent.

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